Getting Data into R

Posted December 14, 2017

by Lensyl Urbano

One of my students is taking an advanced statistics course–mostly online–and it introduced her to the statistical package R. I’ve been meaning to learn how to use R for a while, so I had her show me how use it. This allowed me to give her a final exam that used some PEW survey data for analysis. (I used the data for the 2013 LGBT survey). These are my notes on getting the PEW data, which is in SPSS format, into R.

Instructions on Getting PEW data into R

Go to the link for the 2013 LGBT survey“>2013 LGBT survey and download the data (you will have to set up an account if you have not used their website before).

  • There should be two files.
    • The .sav file contains the data (in SPSS format)
    • The .docx file contains the metadata (what is metadata?).
  • Load the data into R.
    • To load this data type you will need to let R know that you are importing a foreign data type, so execute the command:
    • > library(foreign)
      
    • To get the file’s name and path execute the command:
    • > file.choose()
      
    • The file.choose() command will give you a long string for the file’s path and name: it should look something like “C:\\Users\…” Copy the name and put it in the following command to read the file (Note 1: I’m naming the data “dataset” but you can call it anything you like; Note 2: The string will look different based on which operating system you use. The one you see below is for Windows):
    • > dataset = read.spss(“C:\\Users\...”)
      
    • To see what’s in the dataset you can use the summary command:
    • > summary(dataset)
      
    • To draw a histogram of the data in column “Q39” (which is the age at which the survey respondents realized they were LGBT) use:
    • > hist(dataset$Q35)
      
    • If you would like to export the column of data labeled “Q39” as a comma delimited file (named “helloQ39Data.csv”) to get it into Excel, use:
    • > write.csv(dataset$Q39, ”helloQ39Data.csv”)
      

This should be enough to get started with R. One problem we encountered was that the R version on Windows was able to produce the histogram of the dataset, while the Mac version was not. I have not had time to look into why, but my guess is that the Windows version is able to screen out the non-numeric values in the dataset while the Mac version is not. But that’s just a guess.

Histogram showing the age at which LGBT respondents first felt that they might be something other than heterosexual.

Histogram showing the age at which LGBT respondents first felt that they might be something other than heterosexual.

Citing this post: Urbano, L., 2017. Getting Data into R, Retrieved January 23rd, 2018, from Montessori Muddle: http://MontessoriMuddle.org/ .
Attribution (Curator's Code ): Via: Montessori Muddle; Hat tip: Montessori Muddle.

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